My use of cameras throughout the years spanned the whole spectrum from 35mm to a 4x5 (large format) camera, and finally the Canon 5D Mark IV for my current digital work. Using the large format cameras provided me with the flexibility I needed to develop each negative to the proper contrast based on the existing lighting conditions, subject matter, and my “pre-visualization” of the scene in a two-dimensional, printed form as championed by Ansel Adams. This was the single most significant aspect of my photographic evolution, enhancing my ability to understand the importance of negative and paper density range, proper exposure, film development, local contrast, and achieving proper tones. This experience has been invaluable in my conversion from film to digital photography. Until approximately 2008 my images were shot using a Wista 4x5 or a Pentax II 6x7 camera, on Kodak TMax and Ilford Delta films, printed on Ilford Multigrade IV paper.
Since my conversion to digital, and until recently, all my photographs were printed using an Epson Stylus Pro 7890 printer with Ultrachrome K3 pigment inks and archival papers. Now they are printed on an Epson SureColor p7000 printer. The Black & White photographs which were taken prior to 2008 are produced from high resolution scans of medium and large format negatives; since 2008 all images were photographed with a Canon 5D and 5D Mark II, and currently with a Canon 5D Mark IV digital camera. All the digital images are developed using the Camera RAW feature of the most recent version of Photoshop. All prints are personally processed and printed by me.